Can You Get Pregnant If You Have A Cyst

Tip #1: Know the signs of ovarian cysts

If you have an ovarian cyst, it’s important to first understand what it is, the signs of it, and the type you have. Hearing the words “ovarian cyst” may frighten some people and can lead to questions like “do ovarian cysts cause infertility issues.”

Ovarian cysts are sacs that fill with fluid. They develop on your ovaries and typically occur naturally. They frequently disappear without the need for any treatment and don’t typically cause any issues. In many cases, you won’t even be aware that you have an ovarian cyst.

However, sometimes ovarian cysts make themselves known. Symptoms that you may experience if the cyst is very large or ruptures include:

  • Pain during intercourse
  • Changes to bleeding during your menstrual cycle
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bloating in your stomach
  • Needing to urinate more frequently
  • Persistent feeling of fullness, even when you don’t eat very much
  • Although it is uncommon, some people who have an ovarian cyst rupture may also temporarily have trouble getting pregnant.

    Tip #2: Learn more about different types of ovarian cysts

    Ovarian cysts can form for a variety of reasons and come in a variety of forms. Understanding your particular situation can assist you and your healthcare provider in deciding the best course of action for you to take in order to achieve your health and fertility goals.

    The ovaries can develop any of five different benign, non-cancerous cyst types. These include: [1].

  • Follicle cysts – These functional cysts occur when a follicle in your ovaries doesn’t break open and release the egg it contains. The follicle grows into a small cyst. The follicular cyst will go away on its own within three months and doesn’t cause pain or discomfort.
  • Corpus luteum cysts – If the follicle containing your egg opens and releases the egg, the remaining material, called the corpus luteum, can still cause a cyst to form. If it reseals itself, it may fill with fluid. This type of functional cyst can go away on its own in a few weeks. However, sometimes they can get very large and cause pain and bleeding.
  • Endometriomas – If you suffer from endometriosis, endometriomas are the cysts caused when the uterine tissue grows outside of the uterus. They can be extremely painful and can cause other problems.
  • Dermoids – These relatively rare cysts can form on the ovaries after you’ve given birth. They are sac-like growths that contain tissue such as hair, bone, teeth, and fluids. Dermoids might be very small or very large. Because they can be problematic if they burst, many people choose to have them removed.
  • Cystadenomas – Cystenomas tend to be very large in size. They are filled with fluid and can cause pain and discomfort due to their size.
  • Cysts that are more likely to cause pain or other unpleasant symptoms are three other types of cysts that are not connected to the menstrual cycle. Because dermoid cysts grow from ova-producing cells, they can contain human bone fragments, tissue, hair, and even teeth. They sound scary, but they are usually benign. In contrast, cystadenomas are fluid- or mucus-filled sacs that form from ovarian tissue. These are typically not cancerous, but they can be in some circumstances. Both dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can enlarge and occasionally move or even twist the ovary, a painful condition known as ovarian torsion. Finally, an endometrioma is a cyst related to endometriosis. Because of their dark color, these cysts are occasionally referred to as “chocolate cysts.” They emerge from endometrial tissue on the uterus’ exterior and have the ability to attach to nearby tissues and organs, which can be very painful.

    Finding a diagnosis Pelvic pain that may radiate to your lower back and thighs, pressure on your bowels (sometimes severe, especially during bowel movements), increased urination (caused by pressure on the bladder), nausea or vomiting, breast tenderness, and pain during intercourse are all symptoms of cysts. You should go to the emergency room if any of the symptoms worsen, especially any severe abdominal or pelvic pain that may be accompanied by a fever or vomiting. These signs could point to an ovarian cyst, an ectopic pregnancy, or an embryo implanted in the fallopian tubes.

    Functional cysts Illustration of fibroids How uterine fibroids can wreak havoc on your health “Functional cysts are the most common type and they form during a normal menstrual cycle,” says Danielle Derrington, head of service family medicine obstetrics at St. Joseph’s Healthcare in Hamilton, Ont. Every month, your body grows a cyst-like structure, called a follicle, in which an egg develops. When the egg is released, the follicle should break down on its own, but sometimes it keeps growing and filling with fluid, forming a functional cyst. These cysts are typically harmless, rarely cause symptoms and should resolve on their own within a few menstrual cycles. However, they can contribute to infertility if they grow very large.

    Ovarian cyst treatment Options include careful monitoring, birth control pills to help slow the growth, or surgery. The best course of action depends on the type and size of the cyst. The cyst might need to be removed if it is particularly large, appears worrisome on imaging, or doesn’t respond to treatment. If the cyst is cancerous, your doctor may advise removing the entire ovary in extreme cases, as well as the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.

    Cysts and fertilityA cyst’s impact on your long-term health and capacity to conceive is influenced by a variety of variables, including the type and size of the cyst, your age, and your general level of fertility. Derrington asserts that functional cysts rarely interfere with fertility unless they are extremely large, adding that polycystic ovarian syndrome sufferers can also encounter fertility issues. Because endometriomas can alter the anatomy of your pelvis and cause inflammation and scarring, they may also impair your ability to conceive. If this is the case, you may need treatment, typically laparoscopic surgery if you want to keep as much of your uterus and ovaries as possible. Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas aren’t associated with infertility.

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