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Tip #1: Know the signs of ovarian cysts
If you have an ovarian cyst, it’s important to first understand what it is, the signs of it, and the type you have. Hearing the words “ovarian cyst” may frighten some people and can lead to questions like “do ovarian cysts cause infertility issues.”
Ovarian cysts are sacs that fill with fluid. They develop on your ovaries and typically occur naturally. They frequently disappear without the need for any treatment and don’t typically cause any issues. In many cases, you won’t even be aware that you have an ovarian cyst.
However, sometimes ovarian cysts make themselves known. Symptoms that you may experience if the cyst is very large or ruptures include:
Although it is uncommon, some people who have an ovarian cyst rupture may also temporarily have trouble getting pregnant.
Early detection of a cyst can help to ensure that it doesn’t cause issues in the future. Therefore, it’s crucial to continue with your routine pelvic exams. Speak with your doctor if you suspect you may have a cyst, and keep an eye out for any changes in your menstrual cycle.
However, some types of cysts may have an impact on fertility. Endometriosis, a condition in which the cells that ordinarily line your uterine walls grow on the outside of your uterus, results in endometriomas, which are cysts. These cysts can be extremely painful and debilitating. They may also lead to fertility problems %E2%80%94 studies show that 30-50% of women with endometriosis experience infertility
Ovarian cysts typically do not cause problems with fertility. A functional cyst, the most prevalent kind of cyst, develops during a typical menstrual cycle. Normally, an egg is held in the follicles of the ovaries; however, if this egg is not released, the follicles may swell with fluid. After the egg is released, the sac reseals, and fluid accumulates inside. This results in another type of functional cyst. Both of these cysts typically pose no threat and go away on their own.
A large ovarian cyst, however, may result in a severe lower abdominal pain, bloating, and a sense of fullness or heaviness. Among other symptoms, a cyst rupture can cause excruciating pelvic pain, fever, vomiting, and lightheadedness.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which results in numerous small cysts developing on the ovaries, is another condition that may affect fertility. Pelvic pain, hormonal imbalances, and irregular periods are possible consequences. Because PCOS cysts are linked to irregular ovulation, they may worsen fertility issues in some women.