Should I Be Worried About Pregnancy if I Used a Condom?

Do condoms really protect against HIV?

Given that they are used properly and at every sexual encounter, condoms are without a doubt the most effective method of preventing the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

HIV attacks the body’s immune system. In 2018, approximately 37,968 people in the United States and its dependent regions received an HIV diagnosis, bringing the total number of people living with HIV to approximately 1. 2 million.

Male and female external and internal condoms are recommended as the best HIV prevention methods. When used consistently and as directed, they lower the risk of HIV transmission by more than 90%. They can be used during vaginal, anal and oral sex.

HIV can spread via blood, sperm, rectal, and vaginal fluids. Any of these fluids cannot pass through an intact latex condom, a polyurethane external condom (although they are more likely to break than latex condoms), or a polyurethane internal condom, which stops the transmission. Animal skin condoms are less effective at preventing HIV than latex or polyurethane condoms.

It’s important to use condoms properly in addition to using them, as this helps prevent HIV. When using external (or male) condoms for HIV prevention, a few things need to be kept in mind.

  • Check the expiration/expiry date on the condom pack before use. Beyond the expiration/expiry date, condoms are more likely to become dry and crack.
  • Store condoms away from light and heat to prevent them from drying or cracking.
  • A latex condom is preferred because it is more effective in preventing HIV (and even pregnancy) than a polyurethane condom. If, however, you have a latex allergy, a polyurethane condom is a good alternative.
  • Choose condoms with reservoir tips meant for catching semen after ejaculation.
  • Condoms must be put on before any sexual contact. This is because HIV can be passed on through pre-cum, vaginal fluid and anal mucus.
  • Open the condom pack carefully with your hand and not your teeth or scissors to avoid breaking or tearing the condom.
  • Lightly pinch the tip of the condom (reservoir tip) and place it at the top of the penis. This helps remove trapped air at the top that may lead to condom breakage.
  • Only use water-based or silicone-based lubricants while using a condom.
  • Avoid using lotion, petroleum jelly and oil-based lubricant, including baby oil and massage oil, with condoms because they can cause condom breakage.
  • Roll the condom down on the hard penis until it is completely rolled out. If you are uncircumcised, pull back the foreskin first.
  • If you have placed it inside out by mistake, throw it away and use another condom. This is because some of the secretions may be passed on the other surface of the condom that comes in contact with the vagina or anal or oral mucosa of your partner leading to the transmission of infection.
  • While withdrawing the penis after you are done, hold the condom at the base of the penis. This prevents slipping of the condom. Carefully remove the condom and throw it in the trash.
  • If the condom slips or breaks during sex, contact your health-care provider to discuss emergency contraception. Additionally, you and your partner must get tested for STIs including HIV.
  • If you are using an internal/female condom:

  • Ensure that the condom has not crossed its expiration/expiry date.
  • Carefully remove the condom from its package.
  • You may use any type of lubricant with an internal condom. Using lubricant is advised because it keeps the internal condom at its place and prevents breakage.
  • Hold the condom at its closed end, squeeze the sides of the inner ring together and insert it into the vagina or anus.
  • Using your finger, push the inner ring upward so that it rests against the cervix (neck of the uterus) in the vagina or as far into the anus as it can go.
  • Do not twist the condom and ensure that its thin, outer ring remains outside the vagina or anus.
  • After ensuring that the condom is inserted properly, guide your partner’s penis into the condom opening.
  • After you are done, gently twist the outer ring and pull the condom out.
  • Throw the condom into the trash after a single use.
  • If you feel the penis has slipped between the condom and vaginal/anal walls or if the outer ring is pushed into the vagina/anus, stop intercourse.
  • If the condom slips or breaks during sex, contact your health-care provider to discuss emergency contraception. Additionally, you and your partner must get tested for STIs including HIV.
  • Mistake: You assume that using condoms is the best way to avoid getting pregnant.

    Even though condoms are a fantastic method of birth control, Dr. Levine. Previous studies on contraception show that when used correctly, external condoms—which cover the penis—are 98 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. By the way, “perfect use” in this context refers to consistently and properly using condoms, which will be covered in more detail shortly. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the failure rate of external condoms increases to about 18 percent with typical use (such as when you put it on incorrectly, don’t use it the entire time, or don’t use it every time). Accordingly, 18 out of 100 people who use these condoms with typical use will become pregnant in a given year, compared to just 2 out of 100 who use them perfectly. Prior research on contraception shows that internal condoms, which are placed inside the vagina, have a failure rate of 21% with typical use and 5% with perfect use.

    If you dont want a baby right now, Dr. For more comprehensive protection, Levine advises combining condom use with another method of birth control, such as the pill or an IUD. Because even if a condom doesn’t break, you can still become pregnant using one.

    1 Mistake: You don’t use enough lube.

    The condom might break if there is a little too much friction or if you and your partner frequently switch positions. Make sure you have plenty of lubrication, whether it comes from a bottle or you on your own, to possibly avoid this issue.

    Can you still get pregnant after using a condom

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