Cramping During Pregnancy: Causes, Treatment & Prevention

Pregnancy is a time of great excitement and joy for many expecting mothers, but it can also be a confusing time as the body begins to go through significant changes. One of the most common experiences reported by pregnant women is experiencing cramping during the second trimester. While cramping is usually considered to be a cause for concern, in most cases it is considered to be a normal part of pregnancy. This blog post will discuss what causes cramping during the second trimester of pregnancy, tips for relieving and managing cramping, and when to seek medical advice. It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of cramping, so pregnant women can feel empowered and informed to make positive decisions for the health and wellbeing of themselves and their unborn child.

When Should I Be Concerned About Cramping During Pregnancy?

Even though cramping is frequently experienced by pregnant women, there are some serious causes of abdominal pain:

  • Ectopic pregnancy – This type of pregnancy happens when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. Ectopic pregnancies can cause painful cramping and is a serious medical condition that must be treated by your doctor.
  • Miscarriage – Vaginal spotting accompanied by mild or sharp cramping can be a sign of a miscarriage, although some pregnant women who have spotting and cramping can go on to have healthy pregnancies. If you have severe cramping and/or heavy bleeding, contact your doctor immediately.
  • Preeclampsia -This is characterized by high blood pressure along with protein in your urine. Severe preeclampsia can cause intense pain in your upper abdomen.
  • Preterm labor – Increased pressure, abdominal pain, and cramping can be a sign of preterm labor if your cervix begins to dilate before 37 weeks.
  • Urinary tract infections – Lower abdominal pain and painful urination may be symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
  • Placental abruption – This occurs when the placenta separates from the uterus before the baby is born. This is a life-threatening condition and can be signaled by a painful cramp that does not go away. If this happens, you should contact your healthcare provider immediately.
  • What Should I Do For Cramps While Pregnant?

    There are a few things you can do to prevent and take care of yourself if you have light cramps while pregnant:

  • Try to sit, lie down or change positions.
  • Soak in a warm bath.
  • Try doing relaxation exercises.
  • Place a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel on the ache.
  • Make sure you get plenty of fluids.
  • When Should I Call the Doctor About Pregnancy Cramping?

    If you experience cramping during pregnancy that is indicated by:

  • Severe pain that does not go away
  • Lower abdominal pain accompanied by contractions
  • Vaginal cramping
  • Heavy bleeding or discharge
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Dizziness
  • Cramping, along with pain in the shoulder and/or neck
  • A sudden increase in thirst, accompanied by a decrease in urination, or no urination for an entire day
  • Severe headache that does not go away, sudden swelling, changes in vision, or unexplained weight gain (symptoms of preeclampsia)
  • Fever or chills
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Pain or burning during urination, difficulty urinating, or blood in the urine
  • More than four contractions an hour, which may be a sign of labor
  • FAQ

    When should I worry about cramping in second trimester?

    Contact your doctor if you experience cramping during pregnancy characterized by: Severe pain that does not go away. Lower abdominal pain accompanied by contractions. Vaginal cramping.

    What are the danger signs of pregnancy for second trimester?

    Warning signs and complications
    • Vaginal discharge – change in type (watery, mucous, bloody)
    • Lower abdominal or pelvic pressure.
    • Low, dull backache.
    • Abdominal cramps, with or without diarrhea (may feel like menstrual cramps)


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