Ovulation cramps: Symptoms and what they mean for fertility

Cramping during ovulation is a common symptom experienced by many women, but it can be difficult to know exactly what it means. Some women experience cramping during ovulation as a sign of impending pregnancy, but it’s important to understand the truth behind this symptom. In this blog post, we’ll explore what cramping during ovulation really means and whether it can signal a possible pregnancy. We’ll also discuss other ovulation symptoms and how to tell if you’re pregnant. By the end of this post, you’ll have a better understanding of cramping during ovulation and other signs of pregnancy.

Elevation in resting basal body temperature

Ovulation may be indicated by a slight rise in your resting basal body temperature. Before getting out of bed in the morning, take your temperature.

To chart this slight change:

  • Take your temperature upon waking before getting out of bed using a basal body thermometer. These are available at most drugstores or online.
  • Record your temperature every day for your entire menstrual cycle.
  • Look for an increase.
  • Most women will see a 0.4 to a 0.8 increase in temperature right around ovulation. The change in temperature can be sudden or gradually peak over a course of days. You’ll likely ovulate within three days of this temperature change.

    In response to the shifting hormone levels in your body, your cervix secretes mucus. Your cervix is the opening to your uterus.

    Cervical mucus changes throughout your menstrual cycle:

  • After your menstrual bleeding stops you might not notice any mucus at all.
  • A few days later you might see a cloudy, yellowish, tacky discharge on your underwear or on toilet paper.
  • As ovulation nears, that mucus will become clearer, thinner and stringy. You can stretch it between two fingers. The purpose of this mucus is to help transport the sperm to the egg for fertilization.
  • If you’re using this method to determine ovulation, you should check your cervical mucus daily and keep track of it because these mucus changes can be subtle.

    To assist you in recognizing ovulation, you can also buy an ovulation predictor kit (OPK). These tests check how much luteinizing hormone (LH) is present in your urine. You’ll experience an LH surge just before ovulation.

    You must test your urine every day around the time of your anticipated ovulation if you want to use an OPK. A few tests feature an easy-to-read digital display, but they cost more.

    Other, more affordable kits work similar to a pregnancy test. You’ll compare the control line to the line indicating your LH after urinating on the strip. Your LH surge is visible when the LH line coincides with or is darker than the LH line.

    Knowing when you ovulate is essential for maximizing your chances of conceiving if you’re trying to get pregnant. Other ways to increase your chances for conception include:

  • Have sex regularly. Aim for every other day to increase your odds.
  • Know your fertile window. Sperm can live in the female reproductive tract for about three to five days, while the egg can only survive for up to 24 hours after it’s released. Having sex about two days before you ovulate may increase your chances for pregnancy.
  • Invest in an OPK, especially if you don’t have a regular menstrual cycle. An irregular cycle can make it hard to predict ovulation.
  • Forget the rumors. Using one sexual position over the other and keeping your legs elevated after intercourse don’t increase your chances of conceiving. Sperm reach the female reproductive tract within minutes, whether you’re on your back or upright.
  • Get and stay healthy. One of the biggest predictors of fertility is good overall health.
  • Quit smoking. Cigarette smoke can damage egg quality. Talk to a doctor if you’re having trouble quitting. It may also help to enlist a friend or family member to help you kick the habit.
  • Get to a healthy weight. Being both over- and underweight can cause hormonal issues that affect ovulation.
  • Have a checkup with an OB-GYN. This can help unearth any previously undiagnosed sexually transmitted infections or reproductive issues such as endometriosis, both of which can impact fertility. Your doctor can also give you medically sound ways to increase your chances of conceiving.
  • Midway through your cycle, you may experience cramping as a sign of ovulation. The duration of this pain shouldn’t exceed two days, and it probably won’t require any treatment.

    If your pain is severe or is accompanied by significant bleeding, a fever, or nausea, consult a doctor.

    If you haven’t been able to conceive after trying for a year if you’re under 35 or six months if you’re over 35, you should also see a doctor. Your doctor may refer you to a fertility specialist.

    Last medically reviewed on August 2, 2018

    Can ovulation cause other types of pain?

    During ovulation, it’s likely that you’ll experience aches in other areas of your body. Here is a list of some additional ovulation pain types that don’t just affect your pelvic region.

    Breast and nipple pain during ovulation. This type of pain can’t be blamed on the physical occurrence of ovulation directly. That’s because ovulation pain happens because the egg is leaving the follicle, so it’s isolated to the pelvic area, explains Kameelah Phillips, MD, IBCLC, founder of Calla Women’s Health in New York City. Rather, women may feel nipple and breast pain during ovulation due to the hormones your body releases at this time.

    • Back pain during ovulation. It’s not your imagination: ovulation can trigger back pain. According to Phillips, ovulation causes a small amount of blood to accumulate in the pelvis. Irritation could result from this and “radiate to the back.” ”.

    • Painful sex during ovulation. According to Phillips, the tiny amount of blood released during ovulation may settle in the lower pelvis. This could irritate nearby tissue, which is especially noticeable during sexual activity.

    Usually, ovulation pain is not severe enough to warrant a visit to the doctor. But according to White, if the pain is persistent and severe and you are not currently trying for a baby, it can be avoided. This is typically accomplished with hormonal contraception, which stops ovulation.

    Symptoms of ovulation pain and cramps

    Ovulation pain symptoms may include:

  • Pain on one side of the lower abdomen or pelvis
  • Light vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Nausea, if pain is severe
  • FAQ

    Can you cramp during ovulation and not be pregnant?

    Some women get a one-sided pain in their lower abdomen when they ovulate. It happens about 14 days before your period, when an ovary releases an egg as part of the menstrual cycle. It’s also known as mittelschmerz (German for “middle pain” or “pain in the middle of the month”).

    Does cramping after ovulation mean pregnancy?

    Implantation cramping and bleeding

    These are due to implantation, which is when the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus. Implantation cramps may occur a few days after ovulation, and many women say that they feel cramps around 5 DPO. These cramps may occur in the lower back, abdomen, or pelvis.

    Can ovulation cause cramping, bloating, and an increased appetite?

    Leave a Comment