Foods You Can T Eat When Pregnant Nhs

Urgent advice: Call 111 if:

  • you feel unwell after eating one of the foods to avoid
  • you have signs of listeriosis or toxoplasmosis infection
  • If you’ve consumed one of the foods to avoid, try not to worry.

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    Can I eat shellfish in pregnancy?

    While raw shellfish can result in food poisoning and should be avoided while pregnant, cooked shellfish is safe to consume.

    Shellfish includes:

  • prawns
  • crab
  • lobster
  • mussels
  • cockles
  • oysters.
  • Avoid raw, undercooked or contaminated seafood

    To avoid harmful bacteria or viruses in seafood:

  • Avoid raw fish and shellfish. Examples of raw or undercooked foods to avoid include sushi, sashimi, ceviche and raw oysters, scallops or clams.
  • Avoid refrigerated, uncooked seafood. Examples include seafood labeled nova style, lox, kippered, smoked or jerky. Its OK to eat smoked seafood if its an ingredient in a casserole or other cooked dish. Canned and shelf-stable versions also are safe.
  • Understand local fish advisories. If you eat fish from local waters, pay attention to local fish advisories — especially if water pollution is a concern. If you are uncertain about the safety of fish you have already eaten, dont eat any other fish that week.
  • Cook seafood properly. Cook fish to an internal temperature of 145 F (63 C). Fish is done when it separates into flakes and appears opaque throughout. Cook shrimp, lobster and scallops until theyre milky white. Cook clams, mussels and oysters until their shells open. Discard any that dont open.
  • Too much oily fish or tuna

    Try to limit your intake of oily fish to two servings per week. Oily fish includes mackerel, sardines and trout.

    Although tuna is not considered an oily fish, you shouldn’t consume more than two tuna steaks (140 grams cooked or 170 grams raw) or four medium-sized tuna cans (140 grams when drained) per week.

    To avoid making you sick, they must be thoroughly cooked until they are hot throughout.

    Fruits, vegetables, and salads should be handled with care because they sometimes have soil on them that can make you sick. Ensure that all fruits, vegetables, and salad ingredients are thoroughly washed.

    During pregnancy its safe to eat:

  • cooked fish
  • sushi, but only if the fish has been cooked thoroughly
  • seafood/shellfish as long as it has been cooked, for example mussels, lobster, crab, oysters, scallops, clams and cold, pre-cooked prawns
  • Peanuts and other nuts (unless youre allergic) – eating nuts when pregnant will not affect whether or not your baby has a peanut allergy
  • spicy food – theres no reason to avoid spicy foods
  • honey – its ok for you to eat honey, but you should not give it to your baby until theyre over a year old
  • Youre safe to eat some milk and dairy foods, including:

  • All hard cheeses, such as cheddar, Parmesan or Gruyere
  • Pasteurised semi-hard and soft cheeses, such as cottage cheese, mozzarella, feta, paneer, ricotta, halloumi, cream cheese, cheese spreads, or goats cheese without a white coating on the outside (rind)
  • Any cheese that has been thoroughly cooked until steaming hot
  • Pasteurised milk and yoghurt
  • Despite not being classified as dairy by The Eatwell Guide and having a high sugar and fat content, pasteurized cream and ice cream are safe.

    As long as the eggs are pasteurized, have the British Lion Code mark, or are Laid in Britain (LIB) eggs, you can eat runny or even raw eggs.

    Foods made with these eggs are also safe to eat. This includes:

  • mayonnaise
  • ice cream
  • salad dressing
  • mousse
  • Ensure that the eggs from duck, goose, and quail are fully cooked.

    Ask the staff to check to see if the restaurant uses British Lion Code or Laid in Britain eggs if you’re unsure while dining out.

    Drink six to eight 200ml glasses of water or other liquids each day in the following ways:

  • try different kinds of drinks, such as sugar-free squash, decaf tea and coffee, fizzy water, fruit juice or smoothies
  • limit fruit juice or smoothies to 150 ml per day with meals to help to prevent damage to your teeth
  • Decaffeinated coffee and tea are safe to drink during pregnancy.

    Do not drink alcohol during pregnancy.

    To stay hydrated and prevent constipation while pregnant, drink plenty of water, especially in the last three months.

    If you obtain your drinking water from a private source, such as a well, borehole, or spring, you should boil it before drinking it. Private water sources’ quality can vary greatly, and when it’s poor, it can have negative health effects.

    During pregnancy you should:

  • have no more than 4 cups of herbal or green tea a day as there isnt enough evidence about their effect on developing babies
  • avoid teas that contain ginseng or echinacea as doctors aren’t sure what effects they might have when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding
  • If you’re unsure about using any herbal products, consult your midwife.

    Green tea, coffee, and chocolate all naturally contain caffeine. It’s also added to some:

  • soft drinks
  • energy drinks
  • cold and flu remedies
  • Having too much caffeine when you’re pregnant can:

  • increase your risk of miscarriage
  • affect how your baby grows
  • cause your baby to be small and underweight – this can lead to health problems later in life
  • When you consume too much caffeine, your newborn may experience caffeine withdrawal symptoms. This makes them irritable.

    Caffeine intake during pregnancy should be limited to 200 mg per day.

    Caffeine content of foods or beverages: 330 ml can of cola 40 mg 250 ml can of energy drink 80 mg 50 g bar of plain chocolate less than 25 mg 50 g bar of milk chocolate less than 10 mg Mug of instant coffee 100 mg Mug of filter coffee 140 mg Mug of tea 75 mg

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