I Had An Abortion And Now I Can’T Get Pregnant

How to avoid the consequences of an abortion?

You should heed the following advice to reduce the likelihood of unfavorable effects:

  • Get a comprehensive examination to assess the condition of the uterine cavity after the procedure
  • Consult a doctor if you notice any changes in your health
  • Take a course of hormone therapy and anti-inflammatory drugs (if necessary)
  • Exclude the possibility of hypothermia of the body until it is fully recovered
  • It would be wise to refrain from using the bathroom, sauna, or pool while you’re recovering. Due to continued sexual activity after the procedure, pregnancies after abortions are frequently at risk. A woman is required to give up alcohol and forego sexual activity for two to three weeks. It is crucial to take precautions in the months following an abortion in order to prevent a new pregnancy and additional strain on the reproductive system.

    What is the abortion? Types of abortion

    Abortion is the term for ending a pregnancy, which may occur naturally or artificially. When performed in a hospital by trained professionals and when the pregnancy is no more than 8 weeks, the procedure is safe for the female body. Despite the fact that pregnancy termination is legal (with some restrictions), many women attempt to leave an uncomfortable situation on their own, which has serious consequences, including issues with future infertility.

    The likelihood of infertility following abortion largely depends on the procedure:

  • Medical abortion or pharmabortion performed in the first trimester (up to 6 weeks). Spontaneous miscarriage occurs as a result of taking several pills at certain intervals. In this case, the negative consequences of abortion are minimal because no surgical intervention is required.
  • Vacuum aspiration or mini-abortion performed no later than 7 weeks. During the manipulation, the fetal egg together with the embryo is removed from the uterine cavity using a special tool. The consequences are unpredictable, since pregnancy after an abortion performed this way may not occur due to the closure of the opening of the fallopian tubes or other pathological changes in the pelvic organs.
  • Curretage or surgical abortion. The operation is performed under general anesthesia and involves scraping the fetus out of the uterine cavity along with the mucosa. As a consequence of the procedure, the quality of the uterus becomes worse, and there are the risks of adhesions, scarring, and damage to the cervix.
  • The risks of infertility persist despite the painlessness and safety of some abortion techniques. It is necessary to perform manipulations in a hospital and adhere to the physician’s recommendations for body recovery in order to avoid negative effects after the abortion.

    Can you reduce the risk of pregnancy complications after abortion?

    Many doctors recommend waiting until the bleeding ends after either type of abortion before having sex again. Bleeding from an abortion can last for 2 weeks or more.

    Other doctors advise waiting until at least one menstrual period has come and gone. Delaying sex will help reduce the risk of infection.

    When the abortion occurred later in the pregnancy or there were complications with the abortion procedure itself, it may be necessary to postpone having sex for a longer period of time.

    After an abortion, ovulation may start as soon as two weeks later. This indicates that a woman might get pregnant again before her next period. People with shorter menstrual cycles may ovulate earlier because menstrual cycles vary in length.

    The length of the pregnancy prior to the abortion is another element that affects the timing of ovulation. If the abortion occurs later in the pregnancy, it’s possible that the woman won’t ovulate for a few weeks. This can occur when pregnancy hormones linger in the body.

    After an abortion, someone who wants to prevent getting pregnant might want to use contraception. The ACOG states that after a pregnancy has ended, a person is free to use any form of contraception, including an intrauterine device.

    Anyone who is unsure whether they are pregnant after having an abortion should get tested. If the result is favorable, they should consult a physician who can determine whether the woman is pregnant again or whether she still has pregnancy hormones in her system.

    People can become pregnant within 2 weeks of an abortion. For those who are ready to get pregnant again, there is generally no medical reason to delay trying to conceive — unless a doctor advises otherwise.

    After an abortion, a woman doesn’t need to take any special precautions in order to get pregnant.

    However, some medical professionals advise delaying until the first menstrual cycle has ended. This will make it simpler to predict when the following pregnancy will give birth.

    Before attempting to conceive once more, those who had medically necessary abortions might want to undergo a thorough medical evaluation. A checkup can help identify whether a person will encounter comparable problems with subsequent pregnancies.

    An early pregnancy test could result in a false positive after an abortion. This occurs as a result of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) being present in the body at high levels.

    After an abortion, hCG levels typically drop quickly, but they can take a few days or weeks to return to normal.

    Three weeks after a pregnancy ends, a home pregnancy test typically yields an accurate negative result.

    A new pregnancy could be indicated by a positive pregnancy test result after three weeks. A person should visit a doctor who can perform a blood test or an ultrasound in order to be certain.

    Abortion typically has no impact on fertility or subsequent pregnancies. After an abortion, you can ovulate and get pregnant in as little as two weeks.

    In a few rare instances, a surgical abortion may leave the uterine wall scarred or the cervix damaged. It might be more difficult to become pregnant again as a result of these issues. They may also raise the possibility of future miscarriage, premature birth, or low birth weight.

    However, both medical and surgical abortions are low risk. The best approach will depend on a person’s preferences and the stage of pregnancy. A medical professional can help with this decision.

    Anyone who is uncertain about pregnancy following an abortion should speak with a medical expert.

    Last medically reviewed on January 9, 2023

    40a. FAQs – Will abortion affect my ability to get pregnancy in the future?

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